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computer literacy [ksm'pjute 'litsrasi] — компьютерная

грамотность problem-solving device — устройство, обеспечивающее

решение задачи

be aware of [bi a'wesr ov] — понимать, сознавать opportunity [opa'tjirniti] — возможность basics ['beisiks] — основы

application [apli'keijn] — применение; использование to restate [n'steit] — пересмотреть, переосмыслить significant [sig'mfikant] — значительный achievements [a'tfrvmsnts] — достижения computing [kam'pjuitin] — вычисление; счет; работа на


to embrace [imb'reis] — охватывать dimension [di'menjn] — измерение instruction [m'strAkfn] — команда, инструкция, указание to direct the operation — направлять работу to process [prou'ses] — обрабатывать subscription magazine [ssb'sknpjh iruegs'zhi]— журнал по

подлиске data processing system ['deits prs'sesin 'sistsm] — система

обработки данных

store manager ['sta 'm^n3d33] — директор магазина to have much in common — иметь много общего

Прочтите текст и скажите, как вы понимаете термины «информационное общество» и «компьютерная грамот­ность».

Unit I. Information-Dependent Society


Informed citizens of our information-dependent society shoud be computer-literate, which means that they should be able touse computers as everyday problem-solvingdevices. They should be aware of the potential of computers to influence the quality of life.

There was a time when only priviliged people had an oppor­tunity to learn the basics, called the three R's: reading, writing, and arithmetics. Now, as we are quickly becoming an informa­tion-becoming society, it is time to restate this right as the right to learn reading, writing and computing. There is little doubt that computers and their many applications are among the most sig­nificant technical achievements of the century. They bring with them both economic and social changes. "Computing" is a con­cept that embraces not only the old third R, arithmetics, but also a new idea — computer literacy.

In an information society a person who is computer-literate need not be an expert on the design of computers. He needn't even know much about how to prepare programs which are the instructions that direct the operations of computers. All of us are already on the way to becoming computer-literate. Just think of your everyday life. If you receive a subscription magazine in the post-office, it is probably addressed to you by a computer. If you buy something with a bank credit card or pay a bill by check, computers help you process the information. When you check out at the counter of your store, a computer


the checkout clerk and the store manager. When you visit your doc­tor, your schedules and bills and special services, such as labo­ratory tests, are prepared by computer. Many actions that you have taken or observed have much in common. Each relates to

some aspect

of a data processing


Просмотрите текст 1 еще раз. Ответьте на вопросы, используя информацию текста.


What does "a computer-literate person" mean? 2.


you aware of the potential of computers to influence your life? 3. What do the people mean by "the basics"?

4. What


the role of computers in our

society? 5. What is "computing'? 6. What is a program? 7. Prove that we all are on the way to becoming

Английский язык. Основы компьютерной грамотности 12

computer-literate. 8. Give examples of using computers in ev­eryday life.

4. Прочтите, переведите и запомните следующие выраже­

An information-dependent society; a computer-literate cit­izen; an everyday problem-solving device; to be aware; to in­fluence the quality of life; to have an opportunity; to learn the basics; to learn computing; the most significant technical achievements; to embrace computer literacy; to prepare pro­grams; to direct the operations of a computer; to be on the way of becoming computer-literate; to process information; to have much in common; a data processing system.

Вспомните образование и случаи употребления The PastSimple Tense.

А. Назовите три формы следующих неправильных


То be; to have; to mean; to learn; to become; to bring; to know; to think; to buy; to pay; to take; to do; to begin; to give; to make;, to keep; to get; to read; to show.

Б. Преобразуйте следующие предложения в Bast


1. Many people have an opportunity to use computers.

2. There is no doubt that computers solve problems very quickly.

3. Instructions direct the operation of a computer. 4. Computers
bring with them both economic and social changes. 5. Comput­
ing embraces not only arithmetics, but also computer literacy.

6. It is well known that computers prepare laboratory tests.

7. Those persons are computer literate and think of buying a new
computer. 8. They receive a subscription magazine once a
month. 9. My mother is ill and visits her doctor every other day.
10. Experts know much about how to prepare programs.

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